RACIAL DIFFERENCES IN THE HUMAN SPECIES
The Declaration of Independence states that “all men are created equal,” but an honest appraisal of any human society will show that some people are more intelligent, more talented, more moral, more ambitious, more attractive, more athletic, etc., than others. Furthermore, this same diversity appears when broad groupings of mankind are considered. Some nations are more aggressive, some cultures are more refined, some races produce more geniuses, some civilizations are more acquisitive, some communities are more law-abiding, and some governments are more humane.
The religionist may argue for human equality based on the divine stamp in every heart of “the image of God” and everyone’s possession of an immortal soul. Also, he can show that this accords with the Christian theology of John 3:16, which proclaims that every mortal soul has equal access to eternal life. But, at the same time, the Bible also recognizes diversities of talents (aptitudes or spiritual gifts) in individuals and that some races are superior to others. The Hebrews believed that they constituted a chosen, super race, and that neighboring Gentiles were allotted the role of being a serving class by divine decree.
He (Noah) said, “Cursed be Canaan; a slave of slaves shall he be to his brothers. He also said, “Blessed by Yahweh my God be Shem; and let Canaan be his slave. God enlarge Japheth, and let him dwell in the tents of Shem; and let Canaan be his slave.” Genesis 9:25-27
As for your male and female slaves whom you may have: you may buy male and female slaves from among the nations that are round about you. You may also buy from among the strangers who sojourn with you and their families that are with you, who have been born in your land; and they may be your property. You may bequeath them to your sons after you, to inherit as a possession forever; you may make slaves of them, but over your brethren the people of Israel you shall not rule, one over another, with harshness. Leviticus 25:44-46
But all the leaders said to all the congregation...“Let them (the Canaanites of Gibeon) live.” So they became hewers of wood and drawers of water for all the congregation, as the leaders had said of them. Joshua 9:19a,21
It is simply an altruistic bias of modern society to preach racial equality in the face of objective anthropological facts to the contrary. What is claimed for the human species is in direct contradiction to what is accepted with regard to other species. Among canines, for example, who would seriously argue the equality of the wolf and the cur, the boxer and the chihuahua, etc.? And what about the different characteristics of crossbreeds? Just as interbreeding is possible in the canine species, so are mixed breeds possible between human races - that account for mongrelized features traceable to the parents. Racial purity is always subject to breaking down in nature, however, and purebreds or thoroughbreds are rare in any species. Witness the frequent intermarrying of Jews with Gentiles in the historical narratives of the Old Testament.
Now, the mere fact that racial distinctives are so readily recognized is a sign that differences do exist. Among Britons it is quite easy to spot Scotch, Irish, Welsh, Saxon, and Danish strains. And Oriental people can as easily tell the difference between Chinese, Japanese, Mongolian, Korean, Tibetan, and Malayan strains of the Far East. Not only do races look different, but they also act and think differently as well.
I.Q. tests have proven that intelligence differs both in kind and in capacity between the races and the sexes of mankind. This was covered, for example, by an article intitled “Intelligence and Race” in the October 1970 issue of Scientific American magazine. A tabulation of intelligence tests in the form of normal distribution (bell-shaped) curves was provided with the following caption: “I.Q. difference between U. S. blacks and whites emerges from a comparison of the I.Q. distribution in a representative sample of whites... with the I.Q. distribution among 1,800 black children in the schools of Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Tennessee, and South Carolina...Wallace A. Kennedy of Florida State University, who surveyed the students’ I.Q., found that the mean I.Q. of this group was 80.7. The mean I.Q. of the white sample is 101.8, a difference of 21.1 points...”
The very worthy aims of civil rights and human rights movements in modern advanced societies have had one unfortunate effect in that they have served to cloud the scientific facts of racial and sexual differences, differences that anyone not wearing rose-colored glasses should be quick to detect.
The Jew now finds it expedient to abandon the racist position of his Scripture. After all, it is not in good taste to espouse the doctrine of racial superiority in view of this idea’s radical exploitation by the Nazis. As a consequence, the Jew no longer claims to be “the chosen race.” He is now content to be “the chosen nation” or “the chosen people,” and Jewishness is said to denote not a race but a religion.
That the Jews are, nevertheless, a race is proven by the fact that the more purebred sons of Israel are easily identified on sight by their facial features. It is, in fact, “nostrility” that is one of the prime indicators of race. For example, the article on the “Nose” in The Jewish Encyclopedia is quite candid in its remarks: “...the nose does contribute much toward producing the Jewish expression, but it is not so much the shape of its profile as the accentuation and flexibility of the nostrils. From...composite photographs of Jewish faces...when the nose is covered the Jewish expression disappears entirely, and...it is the ‘nostrility’ which makes these composites ‘Jewish’...next to dark hair and eyes and a swarthy skin the nostrils are the most distinctive feature among the Jews.” Thus, racial differences are often as plain as the noses on everyones’ faces, but it may not be acceptable to acknowledge this truth - in super-sensitive societies or in political arenas - even when it is stark reality and obvious for all to see.
Another indicator of race distinction is the fact of racially related diseases. The Jewish race, for instance, has its own characteristic disease, the Tay-Sachs metabolic disorder. Carrier probability for that disease is one in thirty, ten times that of the general population (Intellectual Digest magazine, Polaroid Corp. advertisement). A tabulation of racially-related disorders is as follows:
ETHNIC GROUP DISEASE
Afrikaaner Porphyria Variegata
French Canadian Hereditary Tyrosinemia
West African Negro Sickle Cell Anemia
African American Glaucoma, Lung Cancer
African American Heart Disease
West European Cystic Fibrosis
Ashkenazi Jew Tay-Sachs Disease
Finn Congenital Nephrosis
Irish/Scottish Phenylketonuria (retardation)
Amish German Ellis-Van Creveld Syndrome
Pima Indians Diabetes
Sickle cell anemia originated as something good. African natives’ blood cell development helped them survive the jungle climates and deadly malaria. When they came to America, a cell mutated. It lost its nucleus of oxygen and became sickle-shaped. When this condition developed, the blood cell could not reach organs and joints, and they were starved of oxygen. (One explanation for the presence of genetic diseases in the human species is that they once had a beneficial effect. People with sickle-cell anemia have a high resistance to malaria; those with Tay-Sachs have protection against tuberculosis; and those with cystic fibrosis have an in-born immunity against cholera.)
Cystic fibrosis is the most common fatal genetic disease among Caucasians, but few Orientals and hardly any Negroes have it.
Whites who smoke a pack of cigarettes a day have a 43-55 percent lower risk of lung cancer than blacks, and Hispanics and Japanese have a 60-80 percent lower risk than blacks. Black people appear to absorb more nicotine per cigarette than smokers of other races, which results in a higher risk of lung cancer and more trouble in breaking the habit.
Black women are three times more likely to get lupus than white women. Black men have a 39 percent higher rate of death from cardiovascular disease than white men. The risk is even higher for black women - 68 percent over white women. African Americans have serious high blood pressure problems. This results in up to two times more strokes, up to five times more heart failure, and up to eighteen times more kidney failure than whites. High blood pressure can damage blood vessels, the heart, the brain, the kidneys, and the eyes. The heart-failure drug BiDil is the first to be approved by the FDA for a specific racial group.
All normal babies have an enzyme called lactase in their intestines. Lactase breaks down lactose, the major carbohydrate in milk, so that babies can digest it. Many lose this enzyme as the grow up. The incidence of lactose intolerance is highest in ethnic groups that traditionally consume few dairy products. The condition affects almost all persons from the Far East, about 95 percent of American Indians, and 80 percent of Negroes. These people must take a lactase pill prior to ingesting milk products.
Jewish women who trace their ancestors to Eastern Europe have a higher risk of some breast cancers. All Jews coming from that area run a higher risk of having colon cancer. The London based Association for the Prevention of Jewish Genetic Diseases, conducts screening operations and advocates universal testing of Jewish children. A long list of particular diseases has been developed, but it was concluded that the test for cystic fibrosis could be dropped, because it is not particularly “Jewish.”
Genetic disorders among Pennsylvania’s rural Anabaptists (Amish and Mennonites) range from congenital deafness and cataracts to fatal brain swellings and muscular degeneration. There are thirty specific ailments among these people, including a high incidence of meningitis, crib death, a “maple syrup urine disease,” and a “bile-salt transporter disease.”
A condition known as “Mediterranean fever” (familial paroxysmal polyserositis) is seen most in Sephardic Jews, Arabs, Armenians, Turks, and others who come from the Mediterranean area - although it is rare in Italians. In those afflicted with the ailment, a high fever may last as long as a week or ten days and occur in two- to four-week intervals.
Special skin conditions exist among darker races: Asians, Latinos, and African Americans. Any kind of trauma - a burn from a laser, inflammation from an acid peel or an insect bite - can cause light or dark patches to form on their skin. As a result, special cosmetic lasers have had to be developed that are more gentle on pigmented skin.
A condition called razor bumps has been responsible for racial tensions in military life. Black men’s hair often curls back into the cheek and chin and becomes ingrown. Bumps form, and it becomes painful to shave. Up to 83 percent of black men have this problem. The best treatment is to stop shaving.
The rest of the world may wear blinders and may utter platitudes about the sameness of all races, but physicians who must treat racially-related diseases cannot afford to be “politically correct” when it comes to the treatment of life-threatening illnesses.
So, it must be concluded that races in the human family are different, and this fact must be considered when deciding where each individual’s special talents and capabilities can be best utilized. What is best for the individual and what is best for society should be the main motivations.
In the world of sports it is becoming more and more obvious that black people are the dominant athletes of the human species. The tallest people in the world are Negroes of the African Sudan, and young men from those areas are now being actively recruited by American basketball teams. African Americans comprise only twelve percent of the national population, but they have the ascendancy in professional athletics.
Asian Americans, who make up just four percent of the population are well represented at universities. At Harvard, they make up seventeen percent of the student body, and at the University of California at Berkeley, they are about forty percent.
These statistics are all indicative of a genetic basis for racial characteristics. For good or for bad, those are the facts. Thus, the old generalizations about the frugal Scot, the amorous Latin, the crafty Jew, the easy-going Mexican, the inscrutible Oriental, etc., may be somewhat exaggerated, it is true, but perhaps no more so than the well-known canine specializations: the persistent bloodhound, the tenacious bulldog, the neurotic poodle, the intelligent shepherd, the unerring birddog - traits that have been purposefully bred into the species by human masters.
What may have been the purpose of the Master Creator in producing so much variety in the human species, it is hard to tell at present. But maybe in the future it will be possible to determine special aptitudes that go with each subgroup that will make it have a special niche and importance in the survival of the species and its adaptation to future environments.
Richard L. Atkins
ALL ANIMAL SPECIES ARE DIVIDED INTO RACES.
Canines are classified into six races:
They are sheepdogs, work dogs, spaniels, hounds, terriers, and mastiffs.
Human beings fall into four racial subgroups:
They are Caucasians, Mongolians, Australians, and Negroes.
A LOOSE COMPARISON OF RACIAL TYPES
RACES ARE DIFFERENT
in appearance, (This applies
in physiology (organic makeup) to both dogs
in unique diseases and people.)
in muscular function (agility, dexterity)
in intelligence (Despite what
(logical reasoning) egalitarians say.)
The identical aptitude of all human beings is a false assumption.
The same is true of the sexes. (Despite what
“DIFFERENT” DOES NOT MEAN INFERIOR. (Despite what
Differences result from evolutionary adaptation to particular environments, and a “successful” species or race is one that survives and prospers best in the specific geographical or cultural area in which it lives.
Thus, an “inferior” race would be one that failed to prosper in a given environment. Some native populations have become extinct when their territory was invaded by people of another culture. These natives were “inferior” - in the sense that they could not cope with a new environment.
INTELLIGENCE TESTS ARE SPECIFIC TO A PARTICULAR CULTURE
An American or European I.Q. test may not fit the capabilities of Asians, Africans, Amerindians, or Polynesians.
The “best” intellect will vary between specific cultures. Likewise, the “best” features of canines will vary between different breeds: bloodhounds, greyhounds, sheepdogs, huskies, Saint Bernards, etc.
Is a bloodhound “superior” to a greyhound? No.
(The same argument applies to the sexes: is the male “superior” to the female? No.)
RACISM: belief in racial superiority; hatred or intolerance toward another race; ethnocentrism. Examples: Jews as the “chosen race,” Germans as the “superior race,” slave owners (or KKK members) as the “master race.”
CHRISTIAN VIEWPOINTS ON RACE:
1. Jesus accepted Gentiles despite sharp criticism by His countrymen (Matt. 8:11-12, Luke 4:25-28, 10:33, 20:16).
2. God is universal, the Father of all mankind. He is not just a Hebrew tribal God.
3. Physical and mental differences may logically infer variation in spiritual capacities as well. Paul recognized that some people are more spirit-ual than others (1 Cor. 2:15). There may be ten-talent, five-talent, and one-talent souls (Matt. 25:15). Only God knows. Nevertheless, all who apply for entrance into the Kingdom are admitted, even at the last hour with little to show by way of aptitude or service (Matt. 20:12).
4. If God accepts all men, so must we. This was the lesson learned by Peter in his vision of the unclean animals let down from heaven in a sheet: Acts 10:11-15).
KINGDOM Animal Animal
PHYLUM Chordata Chordata
CLASS Mammalia Mammalia
ORDER Carnivora Primate
GENUS Canis Homo
SPECIES Familiaris Sapiens
VARIETY (RACE) Sheepdog, Negroid, Mongoloid,
Workdog, Spaniel, Australoid, Caucasoid
Color: white, olive, brown: Caucasian
yellow, red: Mongolian
black: Australian, Negro
Hair: straight: Mongolian
curly: Caucasian, Australian
Head: long (dolichocephalic)
THE RACES OF MAN
A. Teutonic (Nordic)
1. Ancient Greek
D. Indostanic (Aryan)
1. North Indian
2. Old Persian
1. Eastern Slav
2. Southern Slav
3. Western Slav
3. Old Babylonian
1. Nilotic (Coptic)
2. Berber (North African)
6. Formosan (Taiwanese)
7. Singhalese (Ceylonese)
5. Easter Islander
2. North American
3. Central American
4. South American
A. Australian aborigines
E. Negrito (Philippines)
F. Indian aborigines
2. Vedda (Old Ceylonese)
Note: The Bible assumes only three races:
Semitic: West Asian
These were divided into seventy nations or tongues.
There were only three known continents in Bible times.
All three Bible “races” are classed with the Caucasian race today.
RACISM AND SLAVERY IN THE BIBLE
Gen. 1:27 Mankind came from one parent, all in God’s image.
Ex. 6:7 The Hebrews are the Chosen Race.
Gen. 9:25-27 Canaanites to be the slaves of the Hebrews.
Deut. 7:3 No intermarriage with foreigners.
Lev. 19:19 No mingling of species.
Acts 17:26 National bounds set by God.
Lev. 25:44 Buying of slaves permitted.
Num. 31:9 Capturing of slaves permitted.
Josh. 9:27 Gibeonites made slaves of Israel.
Ex. 21:1-11 Treatment of slaves prescribed.
Deut. 23:15-16 Liberation of runaway slaves.
Deut. 23:20 Charging usury on loans to Gentiles permitted.
Deut. 23:3 Exclusion of foreigners from worship, except in
the Temple’s “Court of Gentiles.”
Matt. 7:6 Gentiles called “dogs.”
Eph. 6:5-9 Advice given to slaves.
Isa. 49:6 Salvation to the Gentiles.
Acts 10:34-35 All races are clean in God’s sight.
Luke 4:25-27 Foreigners accepted by the Prophets.
Luke 10:33 Samaritans accepted by Jesus.
Eph. 2:11-14 “Wall of separation” broken down.
Gal. 3:28 There is neither Jew nor Greek, bond or free.