CHRISTIAN  VOCABULARY

 

Deism:__________________________________________________________________

Theism:_________________________________________________________________

Polytheism:_______________________________________________________________

Pantheon:________________________________________________________________

Pantheism:_______________________________________________________________

Monotheism:_____________________________________________________________

Monolatry (Henotheism):____________________________________________________

Agnosticism:______________________________________________________________

Gnosticism:_______________________________________________________________

Kabbala (Cabala):__________________________________________________________

Theodicy:________________________________________________________________

 

Messiah:_________________________________________________________________

Christ:___________________________________________________________________

Logos:__________________________________________________________________

Immanuel:_______________________________________________________________

Parthenogenesis:___________________________________________________________

Immaculate Conception (1854):_______________________________________________

Bodily Assumption:________________________________________________________

Papal Infallibility (1870):____________________________________________________

Transubstantiation:_________________________________________________________

Imago Dei:_______________________________________________________________

Icon:____________________________________________________________________

 

Original Sin:______________________________________________________________

Hubris:__________________________________________________________________

Orthodoxy:_______________________________________________________________

Creed:___________________________________________________________________

Confession of Faith (Articles of Faith):__________________________________________

Apostasy:________________________________________________________________

Theocracy:_______________________________________________________________

Democracy (Congregationalism):______________________________________________

Anabaptist:_______________________________________________________________

 

Bibliolatry:_______________________________________________________________

Biblical Exegesis:__________________________________________________________

Biblical Plenary Inspiration:__________________________________________________

Bible Canon:______________________________________________________________

Canonicity:_______________________________________________________________

Masoretic Text:____________________________________________________________

Textus Receptus:___________________________________________________________

Allegory/Parable:__________________________________________________________

 

Tetragrammaton:__________________________________________________________

Ineffable Name:___________________________________________________________

Pentateuch:_______________________________________________________________

Lex Talionis:_____________________________________________________________

Antinomianism:___________________________________________________________

Autosoterism:_____________________________________________________________

 

Cosmology:______________________________________________________________

Cosmic Quaternary:________________________________________________________

Hades, Sheol:_____________________________________________________________

Eschatology:______________________________________________________________

Apocalypse:______________________________________________________________

 

Apocrypha:______________________________________________________________

Pseudepigrapha:___________________________________________________________

Esoteric:_________________________________________________________________

Exoteric:_________________________________________________________________

Eclectic:_________________________________________________________________

Sibyl:___________________________________________________________________

Lilith:___________________________________________________________________

 

Pentecost:________________________________________________________________

Pentecostal:_______________________________________________________________

Advent:__________________________________________________________________

Adventist:________________________________________________________________

 

Yahweh:_________________________________________________________________

Elohim:_________________________________________________________________

Adonai:_________________________________________________________________

Ha Shem:________________________________________________________________

El Shaddai:_______________________________________________________________

Baal:____________________________________________________________________

Sabaoth:_________________________________________________________________

Hallelujah:_______________________________________________________________

Shema:__________________________________________________________________

 

Mezuzah:________________________________________________________________

Yom Kippur:_____________________________________________________________

Qadosh:_________________________________________________________________

Goy (Goyim):_____________________________________________________________

Shalom:_________________________________________________________________

Sabbath:_________________________________________________________________

Torah:__________________________________________________________________

Talmud:_________________________________________________________________

Phylacteries:______________________________________________________________

 

ICQUS:_________________________________________________________________

Agape:__________________________________________________________________

Cathedra:________________________________________________________________

Catholicos:_______________________________________________________________

Charis:__________________________________________________________________

Charisma:________________________________________________________________

Diabolos:________________________________________________________________

Ecclesia:_________________________________________________________________

Episcopos:_______________________________________________________________

Eucharist:________________________________________________________________

Koine:__________________________________________________________________

Koinonia:________________________________________________________________

Kyrie Eleison:_____________________________________________________________

Laos:___________________________________________________________________

Martyria:________________________________________________________________

Presbyteros:______________________________________________________________

 

Temple-Numen-Qibla relationship:_____________________________________________

            __________________________________________________________________


CHRISTIAN  VOCABULARY

 

Deism: belief in an impersonal Creator, an unmoved Mover, an ultimate Force or Power.

Theism: belief in a personal, caring Deity, who answers prayer and works miracles.

Polytheism: belief in many gods.

Pantheon: a chart or listing of all the gods of any religion.

Pantheism: belief that divinity permeates all Nature, that the Universe is God and vice versa.

Monotheism: belief in the existence of only one God or Godhead.

Monolatry (Henotheism): belief in a supreme Deity heading the Pantheon, “God of gods.”

Agnosticism: belief that God, if there is a God, is unknowable; i.e., theological scepticism.

Gnosticism: an ancient mystic, theosophist, dualist, sect claiming secret cosmic knowledge.

Kabbala (Cabala): a mystical, Gnostic sect of the Medieval Jews with a nine-fold Godhead.

Theodicy: the theological term for deciding whether or not God is good.

 

Messiah: Hebrew: “the Anointed One,” a consecrated priest or king; in Greek: Christos.

Christ: Greek: “the Anointed One,” applicable to consecration by pouring oil on the head.

Logos: Greek: “the Word,” the Agent in Creation, the Second Person of the Trinity, the Bible

Immanuel: Hebrew: “God with Us,” another name for the Messiah, Jesus.

Parthenogenesis: virgin birth, from the Greek parthenos: virgin.

Immaculate Conception (1854): the Catholic dogma that Mary was conceived sinless.

Bodily Assumption: the Catholic tradition that Mary was taken bodily to heaven upon death.

Papal Infallibility (1870): the dogma that the Pope does not err when speaking ex-cathedra.

Transubstantiation: real flesh and blood substance of Christ in the sacrament of the mass.

Imago Dei: Latin for “image of God,” describes Adam’s likness and that of mankind.

Icon: an image that is venerated in a church; a euphemism for “idol.”

 

Original Sin: the depravity of mankind inherited from Adam’s fall into sin.

Hubris: the Greek term for impiety: arrogance and insolence toward heaven.

Orthodoxy: belief that holds true to the essential doctrines of any religion.

Creed: a formal, mandatory, and binding statement of the doctrines of any religion,.

Confession of Faith (Articles of Faith): a non-mandatory consensus of doctrinal beliefs.

Apostasy: falling away from belief, falling from grace, becoming a traitor or a turncoat.

Theocracy: a system of government based on allegiance to one Deity and one Scripture.

Democracy (Congregationalism): church polity in which all members vote as equals.

Anabaptist: “Re-baptizer;” a Christian sect teaching that infant baptism is invalid.

 

Bibliolatry: veneration of the Bible as though it were divine; elevation of Scripture to holiness.

Biblical Exegesis: Bible interpretation, explanation; expository teaching.

Biblical Plenary Inspiration: composition of the Bible by word-for-word dictation by God.

Bible Canon: the accepted and authorized books of the Bible: 66 Protestant, 73 Catholic.

Canonicity: the authenticity of a book that merits its inclusion in the accepted Canon.

Textus Receptus: Latin for “the received text,” the accepted Hebrew and Greek manuscripts.

Masoretic Text: the Hebrew textus receptus canon authorized by a Jewish family of scribes.

Allegory/Parable: a made-up story with symbolic situations that provide moral lessons.

 

Tetragrammaton: Greek: “Four Consonants,” God’s name written as “YHWH” in Hebrew.

Ineffable Name: the holy, unspeakable, ineffable Name of God; the Tetragrammaton.

Pentateuch: the Five Books of Moses, the Torah, the most inspired Scripture for the Jews.

Lex Talionis: Latin for “the law of retaliation,” Hebrew justice by “an eye for an eye.”

Antinomianism: opposition to law, the idea that a Christian is free from the Mosaic Law.

Autosoterism: a Greek term for “self-salvation” or salvation by works and merit.

 

Cosmology: the creation and order of the universe, unscientific in ancient times.

Cosmic Quaternary: old belief that nature’s elements were quartered (e.g. hot, cold, wet, dry).

Hades, Sheol: the ancient underworld, the place of departed souls, ruled by gods of the dead.

Eschatology:the study of last things; end-times doctrines, speculations, or prophecies.

Apocalypse: revelation, a symbolic narrative of the events leading up to Doomsday.

 

Apocrypha: hidden, cryptic writing; also designating the extra books in the Catholic Bible.

Pseudepigrapha: apocryphal books written in Bible times but not accepted into the Canon.

Esoteric: an exclusive society entered by means of initiation into secret rites and teachings.

Exoteric: an inclusive society that welcomes anyone, with an open message and fellowship.

Eclectic: a system of belief made by choosing the best ideas from other systems.

Sibyl: a pagan prophetess, a female seer - the most famous oracles at Cumæ and Delphi.

Lilith: a Hebrew demoness, the night hag, the first wife of Adam, who became a night-creature

 

Pentecost: fiftieth day after Passover, the day the Holy Spirit birthed the church, Whitsunday.

Pentecostal: a charismatic Christian sect whose members seek baptism in the Holy Spirit.

Advent: Latin for “coming,” Christmastide; Greek Parousia usually means Second Coming.

Adventist: Christian sects that seek signs which presage the imminent return of Christ.

 

Yahweh: the Hebrew personal Name of God, YHWH, derived from ehyeh: “I am.”

Elohim: “God, Godhead, gods;” the generic, pluralized term for Divinity (divinities).

Adonai: “Lord,” a name substituted for the ineffable YHWH in Scripture.

Ha Shem: “The Name,” used, like Adonai, as a substitute for the ineffable Name YHWH.

El Shaddai: “God Almighty” in the King James Bible; better, “God of the Mountains.”

Baal: “Master,” “Owner,” “Proprietor,” “Husband;” also, the chief god of the Canaanites.

Sabaoth: “Hosts,” “Armies,” the heavenly warriors of Yahweh; also, Angels or Stars.

Hallelujah: “Praise Yahweh;” in the Psalms the Hallel is a section of praise songs.

Shema : “Hear;” from “Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord is a Unity.” (Deut. 6:4)

 

Mezuzah: a small box containing the Shema, affixed to Jewish doorposts to ward off evil.

Yom Kippur: “Day of Atonement,” literally, “Day of Covering (of Sins).”

Qadosh: “Holy,” really, “Separated” or “Exalted” - above mortals and their evil ways.

Goy (Goyim): Gentile (Gentiles), “the Nations” of the world outside Jewry.

Shalom: “Peace,” a greeting, a blessing, a farewell (Arabic salaam).

Sabbath: “Cessation,” a holy day when all work ceases, the end of the seven-day week.

Torah: the Law of Moses, more inspired than the Prophets and the other Writings .

Talmud: the Oral Law, written after Bible times as a detailed Commentary on the Torah.

Phylacteries: small boxes containing Scripture tied to the head and right arm with straps.

 

ICQUS: “fish,” an acronym standing for “Jesus Christ, God’s Son, Savior” in Greek.

Agape: selective love, directed toward the chosen or favored one.

Cathedra: “chair,” “throne.”  An inerrant papal statement is said to be “ex cathedra.”

Catholicos: “general,” “universal.”

Charis: “grace” (Hebrew, hannah).

Charisma: “gift.”

Diabolos: “slanderer,” the Devil.

Ecclesia: “Assembly” or “Church,” literally “the Called Out.”

Episcopos: “Overseer,” bishop

Eucharist: “Thanksgiving,” one name given to the Lord’s Supper.

Koine: “common;” “street Greek” in which the New Testament is written (cf. Vulgate).

Koinonia: “Fellowship,” “Community,” “Communion,” “Commune.”

Kyrie Eleison: “Lord, have mercy.”  Kyrios is “Lord.”

Laos: “people,” the laity.

Martyria: “witness;” one who dies for the faith.

Presbyteros: “Elder,” conflated in English to the word “priest.”

 

Temple-Numen-Qibla relationship: a temple is the house of a localized deity toward which             one must turn to pray (“temple” is a divine house; “numen” is a localized deity;   “qibla” is Arabic for “direction of prayer” - toward Mecca in that case).

 

                                                                                                                    Richard L. Atkins