Immaculate Conception (1854):_______________________________________________
Papal Infallibility (1870):____________________________________________________
Confession of Faith (Articles of Faith):__________________________________________
Biblical Plenary Inspiration:__________________________________________________
Deism: belief in an impersonal Creator, an unmoved Mover, an ultimate Force or Power.
Theism: belief in a personal, caring Deity, who answers prayer and works miracles.
Polytheism: belief in many gods.
Pantheon: a chart or listing of all the gods of any religion.
Pantheism: belief that divinity permeates all Nature, that the Universe is God and vice versa.
Monotheism: belief in the existence of only one God or Godhead.
Monolatry (Henotheism): belief in a supreme Deity heading the Pantheon, “God of gods.”
Agnosticism: belief that God, if there is a God, is unknowable; i.e., theological scepticism.
Gnosticism: an ancient mystic, theosophist, dualist, sect claiming secret cosmic knowledge.
Kabbala (Cabala): a mystical, Gnostic sect of the Medieval Jews with a nine-fold Godhead.
Theodicy: the theological term for deciding whether or not God is good.
Messiah: Hebrew: “the Anointed One,” a consecrated priest or king; in Greek: Christos.
Christ: Greek: “the Anointed One,” applicable to consecration by pouring oil on the head.
Logos: Greek: “the Word,” the Agent in Creation, the Second Person of the Trinity, the Bible
Immanuel: Hebrew: “God with Us,” another name for the Messiah, Jesus.
Parthenogenesis: virgin birth, from the Greek parthenos: virgin.
Immaculate Conception (1854): the Catholic dogma that Mary was conceived sinless.
Bodily Assumption: the Catholic tradition that Mary was taken bodily to heaven upon death.
Papal Infallibility (1870): the dogma that the Pope does not err when speaking ex-cathedra.
Transubstantiation: real flesh and blood substance of Christ in the sacrament of the mass.
Imago Dei: Latin for “image of God,” describes Adam’s likness and that of mankind.
Icon: an image that is venerated in a church; a euphemism for “idol.”
Original Sin: the depravity of mankind inherited from Adam’s fall into sin.
Hubris: the Greek term for impiety: arrogance and insolence toward heaven.
Orthodoxy: belief that holds true to the essential doctrines of any religion.
Creed: a formal, mandatory, and binding statement of the doctrines of any religion,.
Confession of Faith (Articles of Faith): a non-mandatory consensus of doctrinal beliefs.
Apostasy: falling away from belief, falling from grace, becoming a traitor or a turncoat.
Theocracy: a system of government based on allegiance to one Deity and one Scripture.
Democracy (Congregationalism): church polity in which all members vote as equals.
Anabaptist: “Re-baptizer;” a Christian sect teaching that infant baptism is invalid.
Bibliolatry: veneration of the Bible as though it were divine; elevation of Scripture to holiness.
Biblical Exegesis: Bible interpretation, explanation; expository teaching.
Biblical Plenary Inspiration: composition of the Bible by word-for-word dictation by God.
Bible Canon: the accepted and authorized books of the Bible: 66 Protestant, 73 Catholic.
Canonicity: the authenticity of a book that merits its inclusion in the accepted Canon.
Textus Receptus: Latin for “the received text,” the accepted Hebrew and Greek manuscripts.
Masoretic Text: the Hebrew textus receptus canon authorized by a Jewish family of scribes.
Allegory/Parable: a made-up story with symbolic situations that provide moral lessons.
Tetragrammaton: Greek: “Four Consonants,” God’s name written as “YHWH” in Hebrew.
Ineffable Name: the holy, unspeakable, ineffable Name of God; the Tetragrammaton.
Pentateuch: the Five Books of Moses, the Torah, the most inspired Scripture for the Jews.
Lex Talionis: Latin for “the law of retaliation,” Hebrew justice by “an eye for an eye.”
Antinomianism: opposition to law, the idea that a Christian is free from the Mosaic Law.
Autosoterism: a Greek term for “self-salvation” or salvation by works and merit.
Cosmology: the creation and order of the universe, unscientific in ancient times.
Cosmic Quaternary: old belief that nature’s elements were quartered (e.g. hot, cold, wet, dry).
Hades, Sheol: the ancient underworld, the place of departed souls, ruled by gods of the dead.
Eschatology:the study of last things; end-times doctrines, speculations, or prophecies.
Apocalypse: revelation, a symbolic narrative of the events leading up to Doomsday.
Apocrypha: hidden, cryptic writing; also designating the extra books in the Catholic Bible.
Pseudepigrapha: apocryphal books written in Bible times but not accepted into the Canon.
Esoteric: an exclusive society entered by means of initiation into secret rites and teachings.
Exoteric: an inclusive society that welcomes anyone, with an open message and fellowship.
Eclectic: a system of belief made by choosing the best ideas from other systems.
Sibyl: a pagan prophetess, a female seer - the most famous oracles at Cumæ and Delphi.
Lilith: a Hebrew demoness, the night hag, the first wife of Adam, who became a night-creature
Pentecost: fiftieth day after Passover, the day the Holy Spirit birthed the church, Whitsunday.
Pentecostal: a charismatic Christian sect whose members seek baptism in the Holy Spirit.
Advent: Latin for “coming,” Christmastide; Greek Parousia usually means Second Coming.
Adventist: Christian sects that seek signs which presage the imminent return of Christ.
Yahweh: the Hebrew personal Name of God, YHWH, derived from ehyeh: “I am.”
Elohim: “God, Godhead, gods;” the generic, pluralized term for Divinity (divinities).
Adonai: “Lord,” a name substituted for the ineffable YHWH in Scripture.
Ha Shem: “The Name,” used, like Adonai, as a substitute for the ineffable Name YHWH.
El Shaddai: “God Almighty” in the King James Bible; better, “God of the Mountains.”
Baal: “Master,” “Owner,” “Proprietor,” “Husband;” also, the chief god of the Canaanites.
Sabaoth: “Hosts,” “Armies,” the heavenly warriors of Yahweh; also, Angels or Stars.
Hallelujah: “Praise Yahweh;” in the Psalms the Hallel is a section of praise songs.
Shema : “Hear;” from “Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord is a Unity.” (Deut. 6:4)
Mezuzah: a small box containing the Shema, affixed to Jewish doorposts to ward off evil.
Yom Kippur: “Day of Atonement,” literally, “Day of Covering (of Sins).”
Qadosh: “Holy,” really, “Separated” or “Exalted” - above mortals and their evil ways.
Goy (Goyim): Gentile (Gentiles), “the Nations” of the world outside Jewry.
Shalom: “Peace,” a greeting, a blessing, a farewell (Arabic salaam).
Sabbath: “Cessation,” a holy day when all work ceases, the end of the seven-day week.
Torah: the Law of Moses, more inspired than the Prophets and the other Writings .
Talmud: the Oral Law, written after Bible times as a detailed Commentary on the Torah.
Phylacteries: small boxes containing Scripture tied to the head and right arm with straps.
ICQUS: “fish,” an acronym standing for “Jesus Christ, God’s Son, Savior” in Greek.
Agape: selective love, directed toward the chosen or favored one.
Cathedra: “chair,” “throne.” An inerrant papal statement is said to be “ex cathedra.”
Catholicos: “general,” “universal.”
Charis: “grace” (Hebrew, hannah).
Diabolos: “slanderer,” the Devil.
Ecclesia: “Assembly” or “Church,” literally “the Called Out.”
Episcopos: “Overseer,” bishop
Eucharist: “Thanksgiving,” one name given to the Lord’s Supper.
Koine: “common;” “street Greek” in which the New Testament is written (cf. Vulgate).
Koinonia: “Fellowship,” “Community,” “Communion,” “Commune.”
Kyrie Eleison: “Lord, have mercy.” Kyrios is “Lord.”
Laos: “people,” the laity.
Martyria: “witness;” one who dies for the faith.
Presbyteros: “Elder,” conflated in English to the word “priest.”
Temple-Numen-Qibla relationship: a temple is the house of a localized deity toward which one must turn to pray (“temple” is a divine house; “numen” is a localized deity; “qibla” is Arabic for “direction of prayer” - toward Mecca in that case).
Richard L. Atkins