SUMERIAN  AND  AKKADIAN*  DEITIES

 

Abbau: “Father of Bau,” God of Lagash.

Abubu, Abuba (Akkad.): Cloud Burst, an ally of Marduk in his battle against Tiamat.

Abzu: “Abode of Wisdom,” “Abyss,” the personified Watery Deep (Akkadian Apsu)  Viz. Tamtu.  Aliases: Bigirhush, Shuzianna.

Adad, Addu (Akkad.): the Storm God.  Viz. Asalluhe, Marduk.  Syr. Hadad.

Agaku: Wrath-Love, Perfect Crown, Charm, a punning title of Marduk.

Agilma: Creation-Waves, a title of Marduk.

Alluhappu: “Hunting Net,” an underworld Demon.

Alu: Diabolical One, a demon.

Ama-ushamgal-anna: “Mother Dragon of Heaven” or “Power in the Date Palm,” a title of Dumuzi.

An: “Sky” or “High One,” the Sky God, Father of the Pantheon (Akkadian Anu).  Part of the Triad: An-Enlil-Enki.  His spouse is Ki.

Anshar: the primordial Horizon (male).  Father of An, the Sky.  His spouse is Kishar.

Anuna: “Skirmish,” an alias of Inanna.  Viz. Inin.

Anunnaki, Anunna: the Gods of the Lower Regions, the defeated rebel gods who built Marduk’s Babylon.

Anunitum: “She of the Skirmish,” an alias of Inanna.

Aranunna (Akkad.): “Counsellor,” a title of Marduk.

Arazu (Akkad.): Construction God.  Viz. Gushkinbanda, Kabta, Mushdamma, Ninagal, Ninildu, Ninkurra, Ninsimug, Ninzadim.

Aruru: Creator Goddess, mother of the hero Gilgamesh.  Viz. Ninsun, Ninlil, Nintu.  Aliases: Nintu, Mama, Ninlil.

Asag: an underworld demon.

Asal-lu-he: “Man-drenching Asal.”  Also Asarluhi, a title of supremacy given to Marduk.  The Rain God (Akkad. Adad, Syr. Hadad).  Viz. Ishkur, Lugalbanda.  His spouse is Nineha.

Asaru (Akkad.): Water-giver, Garden-irrigator, a title given to Marduk.

Asarualim (Akkad.): “The Gods Learn Humility Before Him,” a title of Marduk.  Asarualim Nunna: the same title with added brightness.

Asaruludu: mysterious, magical name given to Marduk.

Ashakku: “Fever-Maker,” a demon.

Asharu (Akkad.): title given to Marduk.

Ashgirbabbar: “New Moon,” an alias of Nanna.

Ashimbabbar: Alias of Nanna.

Ashnan: Goddess of the Granary and of Abundance, an alias of Ninbarshegunu, Inanna.  Sister of Lahar.  Viz. Ezinu.  Also called “Lord of Abundance” (cf. Dagan, semitic grain god).

Azimua: “Bountiful Branch.”  Healer of Arms and Branches.  Birthed by Ninhursag.  Her spouse is Ningishzida.  Viz. Ninazimua.

Babbar: “Shining,” an alias of Utu, the Sun God.

Barashakushu (Akkad.): “He Who Rests On The Throne,” a title of Marduk.

 

*Akkadian: taken from the name of the Mesopotamian city Akkad or Agade that gave its name to the semitic inhabitants of the land north of the main Sumerian cities.  The Babylonian gods had Akkadian names.

Bau: Goddess of Dogs and of Healing.  Her name is the onomatopoetic form of the dog’s bark.  Aliases are Ninkarrak, Ninissina, Ninnibru, Gula, Gatumdug.

Bel (Akkad.): “Lord.”  Canaanite Baal.  Bel Marduk is Bel Merodach in the Hebrew Scripture.

Bel Matati (Akkad.): “Lord of the Land,” a title of Marduk.

Belit-Seri (Akkad.): “Lady of the Wilderness - or of Desolation,” the Recorder of the Underworld.

Dam-gal-nunna: “Spouse-Great-Prince.”  Her spouse is Enki (Ea).  (Akkad. Damkina)  Mother of Marduk.

Damkina (Akkad.): Viz. Damgalnunna.

Damu: “The Child.”  God of Rising Sap in the Spring, later identified with Dumuzi, spouse of Inanna, who died every year with the vegetation and was reborn in the Spring.

Dimpikug: ?

Dingir-mah: “Deity-Exalted.”  An alias of Ninlil.

Dumuduku or Marduku: “Child of Duku (Pure and Cosmic Mountain),” a title of Enlil.

Dumuzi: “True Son,” “Faithful Son.”   God of Sheep and the Underworld.  (Akkad. Tammuz)  God of Kullab (Uruk).  Spouse of Inanna, annually resurrected from the Underworld and married to the goddess.  (Ref. Ezekiel 8:14)  Viz. Damu.

Dumu-zi-ama-ushum-galana: “Quickener of the Date Bud.”  Dumuzi as God of the Date Palm.

Dumu-zi-abzu: “Son-True-Abzu,” “Quickener of the Deep.”  Sea God.  He is also “The Son Who Rises,” a god of Eridu or a goddess of Kinirsha.

Dunshagana: Steward of the Gods.

Ea: “House-Water,” an alias of Enki.

Egitummal: An alias of Ninlil.

Ekimmu: Evil Ghost, a demon of the belly.

Emesh: “Summer,” the God of Summer.  Viz. Enten.

Enbilulu (Akkad.): God of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, a title of Marduk.

Endashurimma, Enindashurimma: a porter of Hell.  Viz. Neti.

Endukugga: a porter of Hell.  Viz. Neti.

Endurbilhursag: God of Larak.

Endursagga, Hendursagga: Vizier of Nanshe.

Endushuba: a porter of Hell.  Viz. Neti.

Enki: “Lord Earth.”  Sumerian Earth God who became the Akkadian Fresh Water God, Ea, “House of Water,” after defeating the sea dragon Kur.  He is God of Arts and Crafts - what the ancients called “Wisdom.”  (Akkad. Nabu/Nebo/Nabium, God of Scribes and Wisdom.  Lord of Wisdom (the Serpent).  He is served by the vizier Sha or Isimud (Akkad. Usmu), a lesser god of water and wisdom.  He is associated with Abzu, the personified Watery Deep.  Aliases: Nudimmud, Enuru, Ninigiku, Zulummaru: equivalent of Aruru.

Enkimdu: God of Canals and Ditches, a Farmer God.

Enlil: “Lord Wind,” Sumerian Storm God who became the Akkadian Earth God.  He is also the Messenger God and Creator of the Pickax for Farming.  He decrees the Fates of men and establishes castes.  Chief God of Nippur.  Aliases: Imkhursag, Mullil (“the Great Mountain”), Naru/Narru: “Creator of Mankind.”

Enlulim: God of Goatherds.

Enmesharra: Underworld Deity, progenitor of Ninkasi and Nusku.

Enmul: ?

Ennuge: Irrigator God.  Alias: Sabarragimgimme.

Ennugigi: a porter of Hell. Viz. Neti.

Ensignun: God of Charioteers.

Ensum, Ensun: “Lord Wild Bull.”  An alias of Nanna.

Enten: “Winter,” God of Winter.  Viz. Emesh.

Enuru: “Lord Reed Bundle,” “Lord City.”  Alias of Enki.  The reed bundle is symbolic of the ritual reed hut.

Enurulla: a porter of Hell.  Viz. Neti.

Enzu: “Lord Wise.”  An alias of Nanna.

Epadun (Akkad.): a title of Marduk similar to Enbilulu.

Ereshkigal: “Lady of the Great Earth,” Queen of the Underworld, spouse of Meslamtaea/Nergal.  (Akkad. Allatu or Laz)  Her vizier is Namtar.  Neti is her chief gatekeeper (q.v.)

Erra, Irra: God of Pestilence, an alias of Meslamtaea.  The God of Plagues is followed by fourteen Disease Demons.  (Ref. Attendants of Yahweh: Resheph, “Pestilence,” and Deber, “Plague” in Habakkuk 3:4-5.)

Esizkur (Akkad.): “Belonging to the House of Prayer,” a title of Marduk pertaining to the New Year Festival.

Ezinu: Alias of Ashnan.

Gaau: God of Cattle.  Viz. Sumuqan.

Galla, Gallae (Akkad.): little devils who pursue fugitives and snatch them to Hell.  (cf. Greek Erinyes)

Gallu: Evil Devil against the Hand (hand disease).

Geshtinanna: “Lady of the Vine of Heaven,” Goddess of Singers and Learning, sister of Dumuzi, who took his place in the Underworld for a part of every year.  (Akkad. Belit-Seri)

Gibil (Akkad.): God of Fire and Metalsmiths, a title of Marduk.

Gil (Akkad.): High Things, i.e., Heaps of Grain, a title of Marduk.

Gilgamesh: “He Who is Chosen,” demigod hero, king of Uruk.

Gilma (Akkad.): Fire, Flame, a title of Marduk.

Girra: Deity of Flood and Abundance. Viz. Haia, Lahar, Ningizzida, Ninshar, Nissaba, Siris, Sumuqan.

Gishnumunab (Akkad.): Virility of the Creator, a title of Marduk.

Gizzida: “Tree of Life,” with Tammuz he guards the gate of heaven in the Adapa tale.  Viz. Ningizzida.

Gugal (Akkad.): “Great Riches,” a title of Marduk.

Gugalanna (Akkad.): “Great Bull of Heaven.”   Alias of Meslamtaea.

Gula: “Great,” an alias of Bau.  Spouse of Ninurta.  As Tashmetum, she is bestower of life.

Gushkinbanda (Akkad.): Construction God.  Viz. Arazu.

Haia: God of Stores.  Viz. Girra.

Hain: Consort of Ki, progenitor of Amakandu and Lahar.

Harru (Akkad.): Bull God associated with the Moon God Sin.

Hegal: a title of Marduk.

Hubur: female counterpart of Ea, called “Mother Hubur.”  An alias of Tiamat.  Personification of the River Hubur in the Underworld.

Humhummu: underworld deity/demon.

Idda: River God.

Igalimma: Doorkeeper of the Gods.

Igigi: the Heavenly Gods, sometimes in opposition to the Anunnaki Gods.

Ilabrat (Akkad.): Messenger of Anu.

Imdugud: the Storm Bird, depicted as a Lion-Headed Eagle, symbolic of a Rain Cloud.  Viz. Ingig and Ishkur.

Imhullu: “Evil Wind,” an ally of Marduk in the cosmic conflict with Tiamat.

Imkhursag: alias of Enlil.

Inanna: “Lady Date Clusters,” “Lady of Heaven.”  From earlier form: Nin-an-ah.  (Akkad. Ishtar, Irnini, Gushea, Agushaya, Syr. Astarte)  Goddess of the Store-houses of Dates, Goddess of Maidens, of Harlots, and of Battle.  Her astral name is Dilbat, the planet Venus.  Aliases: Anuna, Inin, Innin, Anunitum, Irnina, Nanaya, Ninegalla, Telitum, Shimtu, Shidiri, Shilabat)  (Ref. Jeremiah 44:17,19)

Ingig: “Rain Cloud.”  Viz. Ishkur.

Inin: “Skirmishing,” an alias of Inanna.  Viz. Anuna.

Irkalla: “Great (Fortress) of the Land,” an alias of Ereshkigal.

Irkingu (Akkad.): a title of Marduk as conqueror of Kingu.

Irnina, Irnini: “Victory,” an alias of Inanna.

Irra, Irragal:  a storm god.  Viz. Erra.  An alias of Meslamtaea.

Ishara (Akkad.): ?

Isharkidissu (Akkad.): ?, God with a Mace.

Ishkur: “Shrine-Dragon,” the Rain God.  His symbol is a famer’s Spade; his planet is Jupiter.  Aliases: Asal-lu-he, Ninurta, Ninhar, Ningirsu, Ninib, Ingig, Imdugud, Marduk, Tutu, Meri, Sagmegar, Enbilulu, Akkadian Anzu or Asakku, Creator of the Plow.  As Syrian Adad, his spouse is Shalash.  As Babylonian Marduk, his spouse is Sarpanit or Sarpanitum (“Brilliant as Silver,” i.e., “Starlight”) or Zerbanitu (“Who Created Seed”), or Beltiya/Beletile.  The Babylonians made him King of the Gods.  His heralds or dread attendants during the Flood were Shullat, Hanish, Erragal (Irrakal, Nergal), and Ninurta.  (Ref. Jeremiah 50:2)

Ishullanu: Heavenly Date Gardener.

Ishum: Counsellor of Meslamtaea, Intercessor for the Dead, Lover of Truth.

Ishtar (Akkad.): Viz. Inanna.  Canaanite Astarte or Ashtaroth.

Isimud: Messenger of Enki, a lesser God of Water and Wisdom.

Kabta: Brick God (Akkad. Lebettum, Lumha, Kulla).  Viz. Arazu.

Kaka, Gaga: messenger of Anshar.

Kalatur, Kalaturru: one of two sexless beings created by Enki to rescue Inanna from the Underworld; the other being was Kurgarru.  Also, a religious order serving the goddess.

Ki: “Earth.”  Mother Earth (Akkad. Antu/Antum).  Alias Ninhursag.

Kingaluda: Tender of the Storm.

Kingu: “Laborer.”  Leader of Tiamat’s demon horde.  Killed by Ea, who took his blood to make the first human being.

Kinma (Akkad.): a title of Marduk as leader of the gods.

Kishar: primordial Horizon (female), consort of Anshar.  Birthed An and Ki.  Also the name of a porter of Hell.  Viz. Neti.

Kulili: “Flying Dragon?” “Dragonfly?” “Fish-Man?” a monster created by Tiamat.

Kulla (Akkad.): Alias of Kabta.

Kur: Underworld River, Dragon.

Kurgarra, Kurgarru: one of two sexless beings created by Enki to rescue Inanna from the Underworld; the other being was Kalatur.

Kusariqu: “Wild Bison,” “Centaur.” a monster created by Tiamat.

Kusug (Akkad.): High Priest of the Gods, Creator of Ceremonies.

Lahamu: primordial Silt (female), birthed Anshar and Kishar.

Lahar: God of Cattle (Sheep) and Abundance.  Brother of Ashnan.  Viz. Girra.

Lahmu: primordial Silt (male).  His spouse is Lahamu.

Lal: God of Judgment in Ur.

Lamashtu: Demon besetting Childbirth.

Latarak: the patron deity of Badtibira.

Laz (Akkad.): Alias of Ereshkigal.

Lilitu: Demoness besetting Childbirth.  (Heb. Lilith: night hag)

Lugalbanda: Alias of Nanna or Asalluhe.

Lugaldimmerankia: “King of Gods of Heaven and Earth.”  Counsellor of the Gods.  Alias of Enki or Marduk.

Lugalabdubur: “King of the Treasure House,” a title of Marduk.

Lugaldurmah: “King of the Great Bond (Uniting Heaven and Earth).” a title of Marduk.

Lugallanna: “King of the Power and Fulness of Heaven,” a title of Marduk.

Lugalugga: “King of Death,” a title of Marduk.  Viz. Uggae.

Lulal: Tutelary Deity of Badtibira (Akkad. Latarak).

Madana, Madanu (Akkad.): Director of the Anunnaki Gods.

Malah: a title of Marduk.

Mama, Mami: an alias of Nintu.

Mammetum: Maker of Fates.

Marduk (Akkad.): “Sun Child” or “Son of the Sun.”  Chief God of Babylon.  Viz. Ishkur.

Marukka, used with Marutukku: Creator or Hammerer of Creation, titles of Marduk.  (mar: create, child, marru: hammer, axe, weapon)

Meslam-ta-e-a: “Who Comes From Meslam.”  God of the Underworld (Akkad. Nergal, God of War).  (The Sumerian Underworld, Meslam, is equivalent to Akkadian Aralu or Irkalla, Hebrew Sheol, and Greek Hades.)  Aliases: Irra, Irragal, Sharappu, Nergal, Gugalanna, Ninazu.  He is served by Namtar/ Namtaru, Neti, and Ishum.  His spouse is Ereshkigal.

Mummu (Akkad.): the Primordial Sea.  Viz. Nammu.  Another Mummu was Ea as creator; the title later appropriated by Marduk.

Mushdamma: “Bird-Great,” the God of Building.  Viz. Arazu.

Nammu: the Primordial Sea, Source of All Being (Akkad. Mummu).  Birthed Abzu and Tamtu.

Namtar/Namtaru: “Sick-Maker,” the Demon of Fate and Death, vizier of Ereshkigal.

Namtartu: Spouse of Namtar.  She has the head of a kuribu (Heb. cherub, Greek sphinx).

Namrat: Goddess of Kazallu.

Namru: “Shining.”  (Namra-Sin, “Shining Moon,” likely became Naram-Sin, the conqueror, and Namra-Utu, “Shining Sun,” likely became the warrior Nimrod in the Hebrew Scriptures.)  Also a title of Marduk.

Namtillaku (Akkad.): “The Comforter and God of Life,” a title of Marduk.

Nana (Akkad.): Spouse of Nabu.  Viz. Enki.

Nanna/Nannar: The Moon God of Ur.  (Akkad. Sin, from Zu-en or En-zu, “Lord Wisdom”)  Also a Bull God.  Aliases: Ensun, Ashimbabbar, Lugalbanda, Namra-Sit: “Bright Rising.”  Chief God of Ur and, therefore, the original deity of the family of Abraham.  Part of the Akkadian Triad: Sin-Shamash-Ishtar.  His vizier is Nusku.  His spouse is Ningal.

Nanshe: Goddess of Fish and Diviner of Dreams.  She is devoted to Truth, Justice, Mercy, and the Welfare of Widows.  Aliases: Nash, Nazi.  She is served by the vizier Hendursagga.

Nari (Akkad.): “Deliverer,” a title of Marduk.

Nazi: Alias of Nanshe.

Nebiru (Akkad.): the Planet Jupiter, the astral name of Marduk.

Nebo (Akkad.): God of Wisdom. Viz. Enki.

Nergal, Ne-iri-gal: “Power-Fortress (Abode)-Great.”  Alias of Meslamtaea, War God who descended to Meslam and became the spouse of Ereshkigal.  Alias: Lugal-girra.

Neti: “Lord Life,” the Chief Gatekeeper of Meslam (Akkad. Nedu). He has a lion’s head, a bird’s feet, and human hands.  The other six porters of Hell are: Kishar, Endashurimma, Enurulla, Endukuga, Endushuba, Ennugigi.

Nidaba: Goddess of Writing, Treaties, Accounts, Boundaries, and Wisdom.  Alias of Ninbarshegunu.

Nigsisa: “Equity,” vizier of Utu.

Nikkal: Alias of Ningal.

Ninagal, Ninegal: Construction God.  Viz. Arazu.

Ninazimua: “Lady Bountiful Branch.”  Tree Goddess, Arm Healer.

Ninazu: “Lord Water Knower.”  God of Medicine and Divining.

Ninbarshegunu: “Lady of Barley.”  Goddess of Grass, Reeds, and Writing.  Aliases: Nissaba, Ashnan, Nidaba.

Nindara: “Lady Tax Gatherer,” or a Fish God, the spouse of Nanshe.

Nindashurimma: Viz. Endashurimma.

Nindukugga: Viz. Endukugga.

Nin-Edin: “Lady of Wilderness/Desolation”  (Viz. Belit-Seri, Geshtinanna)

Ninegal, Ninegalla: “Lady Palace,” spouse of Urash.  Alias of Inanna.

Nineha: Goddess of Ha-a.  Spouse of Asalluhe.

Nineiaga: Goddess of Milk and Cheese.  Viz. Sumuqan, Ninigara.

Ninezen: “Lady Festival,” Goddess of Gabur.  Alias Niniaga.

Ningal: “Great Lady,” “Lady Spouse.”  Cow Goddess and spouse of Nanna.  Aliases: Nikkal, Ninsun, Aruru.  As Aruru, Goddess of Uruk (Erech), she was the mother of the hero Gilgamesh.

Ninggina: “Justice,” vizier of Utu.

Ningishzida: “Lord Productive Tree.”  Underworld serpentine God of Tree Roots.  Spouse is Azimua.  Viz. Ningizzida.

Ningirda: Spouse of Ninazu.

Ningirim: God who hears Prayer.

Ningirsu: “Lord Flood.”  Rain God, shown with a Net.  Alias of Ishkur.

Ningizzida (Akkad.): “Lord of the Tree of Life.”  God of Abundance, Fertility, and Healing, also connected with the Underworld. Viz. Girra, Gizzida.

Ninhar: Bull God of Immer (Akkad. Marduk).  Viz. Ishkur.

Nin-hur-saga: “Lady Stone Head,” “Lady Mountain.”  Mother Earth.  Alias of Ninlil and Ki.

Niniaga: Viz. Ninezen.

Ninib: a War God, the planet Saturn.  Viz. Ishkur.

Ninigara: “Lady Butter-Cream.”  Viz. Nineiaga.

Ninigiku: Alias of Ea.

Ninildu: Goddess of Forests and Carpenters, a Construction Deity.  She cursed the trees of Naram-Sin after he committed acts of impiety.  Viz. Arazu.

Nininsina: “Lady of Isin,” alias of Bau.

Ninkarrak: Goddess of Healing.

Ninkasi: Healer of the Mouth, Goddess of Wine.  Birthed by Ninhursag.  (Akkad. Gubbagarrae, Gabbagarrae).

Ninki: ?

Ninkilim: Goddess of Field Mice and Vermin.

Ninkurra: “Lady Underworld,” a Construction Deity.  Daughter of Enki by Ninmu.  Viz. Arazu.

Ninlil: “Lady Wind” or “Lady Wind in the Grain.”  Goddess of Grain.  Spouse of Enlil.  (Akkad. Belitili: “Lady Mountain”)  Aliases: Sud, Egitummal, Ninmah, Nintu, Ninhursaga, Dingirmah, Aruru.

Ninmah: “Lady Exalted,” alias of Ninlil.

Ninmar: Goddess of Birds (Akkad. Belet-Seri).

Ninme: “Lady of the Norms” or “Lady Fate” (Akkad. Mammi or Mah).

Ninmenna: “Lady of the Crown,” Inanna.

Ninmu: “Lady Life Giver.”  Daughter of Enki by Ninhursag.  Viz. Nintu.  In the Hebrew Scripture, Eve is a combination of Ninmu and Ninti.

Ninmug: Goddess of the Golden Spindle.

Ninmul: “Lady Star.”

Ninnibru: “Lady of Nippur,” an alias of Bau.

Ninpa: “Lady of the Scepter,” Inanna.

Ninsar: God of Abundance.  Viz. Girra.

Ninshebargunu: “Lady Barley-?-?”

Ninshubur: Messenger of Inanna.  The name shows that he changed sex. Aliases: Papsukkal, chief messenger of the gods, Ilabrat, god of wings.

Ninsig: “Lady Who Makes Green.”  Daughter of Enki by Uttu  (Akkad. Zisummu).

Ninsikila: ?

Ninsimug: a Construction God.  Viz. Arazu.

Ninsun, Ninsum: “Lady Wild Cow,” Goddess of Uruk, mother of Gilgamesh. Viz. Aruru, Ningal, Sirtur.  (Syr. Nikal)

Ninsutu: “Lady Tooth-Birth,” Healer of Teeth.  Birthed by Ninhursag.

Ninti: “Lady Rib.”  Healer of the Rib.  Birthed by Ninhursag.  Viz. Ninmu.

Nintu: “Lady Birth (Birth-giver).”  Aliases: Ninlil, Mama, Mami, Aruru.

Nintulla: Healer of the Jaw.  Birthed by Ninhursag.

Ninurta: “Lord from Ur,” God of the South Wind, Wells, Canals, Farmers, Fertility, Long Life (Akkad. Zababa).  Alias: Pabilsag.  Viz. Ishkur.

Ninzadim: a Construction God.  Viz. Arazu.

Ninzagga: ?

Ninzuanna: Spouse of Lugalmarda.

Nissaba: Goddess of Grain (Akkad. Tashmetum), alias of Ninbarshgunu.  Viz. Girra.

Nudimmud: “Prince-God-Maker?”  Creator God. Alias of Enki.

Numushda: God of Kazallu.

Nunamnir: Alias of Enlil.

Nur (Akkad.): associate of Shamash

Nusku: New Moon God, Vizier of Nanna.  (Akkad. Abarralah, Ebarralah)

Pabilsag: Alias of Ninurta.

Palil (Akkad.): Warrior God “who marches in front,” God of Eagles and Vultures.

Rabisu: Croucher in Doorways, a demon.

Sadarnunna (Akkad.): ?

Sagmegar: Alias of Marduk

Sataran: God of Treaties, Dispute Settlements, Boundaries.

Sha: “Heart,” i.e. “Mind,” a vizier of Enki.

Shakkan: God of Goats and Gazelles.  Prototype of the savage hero Enkidu.  Son of Utu. Viz. Sumuqan.

Shala: Spouse of Ishkur. (Syr. Shalash)

Shamash (Akkad.) the Sun God.  Viz. Utu.

Shara: “Burning,” the Tutelary Deity of Umma, daughter of Inanna.  In male form his spouse is Usaharra.

Sharappu: “Burner,” an alias of Meslamtaea.  (Ref. Heb. Seraph, “Fiery Serpent” and the Canaanite War God Resheph - derived from raspu: “he who burns.”)

Shazu: “Seeing and Proclaiming the Heart,” a title of Marduk.

Shenirda: Spouse of Utu.  Alias: Aia, Aya.

Shidiri: “She is My Fortress,” an alias of Inanna.

Shilabat: “She is a Lioness,” an alias of Inanna.

Shimtu: “Fate,” an alias of Inanna.

Sirsir: a title of Marduk.

Shulpae: Lord of the Table, spouse of Ninhursag.  Viz. An.

Shulutula: Personal God of King Entemena.

Shunidu: Deity of Cattle and Cheese.  Viz. Sumuqan, Nineiaga.

Sibi (Akkad.): an Underworld Deity.

Sirara: Goddess of the Southern Sea, the Persian Gulf.

Siris (Akkad.): God of Abundance.  Viz. Girra.

Sirtur: Goddess kin to Dumuzi.

Sud: “Princess Copper Pan (for Winnowing).”  Alias of Ninlil.

Suhgurim (Akkad.): “Destroyer of Enemies, Who Annihilates the Wicked,” a title of Marduk.

Sumuqan, Sumugan: God of Cattle, God of the Plains (its plants and animals).  Called “King of the Mountain” and “Lord Abundance.”  Viz. Shakkan, Gaau, Shunidu, Nineiaga, Girra.  (Akkad. Amakandu)

Tamtu: the Primordial Salt Water Deep, the Dragon of Chaos.  Her spouse was Abzu, the Primordial Fresh Water Deep.  She birthed Lahmu and Lahamu as well as numerous monsters to aid in her cosmic conflict against the gods.  (Akkad. Tiamat, Heb. Tehom)

Tashmetu (Akkad.): Spouse of Nabu/Nebo.

Telitum: Alias of Inanna.

Tishpak: main deity of Eshnunna.

Tuku (Akkad.): “Mysterious Power of Words,” the binding of a spell, a title of Marduk.

Tutu (Akkad.): “Divine Power,” “Turning Away,” as a title of Marduk, the begetter and reviver of the gods.

Uggae: God of Death.  Viz. Lugalugga.

Urash: Spouse of An, a deity of Dilbat, near Borsippa.  Also a god whose spouse is Ninegal.

Urbada: “the Exalted Lord.”  (Akkad. Kusug)

Utnapishtim: “I Have Found Life”*  If from Utu-naphishtu (?), “Sun-Life” or “Sun Creature.”  The flood hero who gained immortality.  (cf. Noah)

Usmu, Usumu, Asumum (Akkad.): Isimud, vizier of Ea and Marduk’s mother, Damkina.

Uttu: “Weaver,” “Spider.”  Daughter of Enki by Ninkurra.

Utu: “Sun,” the Sun God (Akkad. Shamash); Judge and Arbiter of the Gods. Alias Babbar.  He is served by viziers Ninggina (“Justice”) and Nigsisa (“Equity”).  Seeing all of the affairs of man every day, he represents Light, Righteousness, Justice, and Judgment.

Utukku: Evil Spirit, demon.

Zababa (Akkad.): Ninurta.

Zahgurim (Akkad.): “Destroyer,” “Preserver of Companions,” a title of Marduk.

Zahrim (Akkad.): “Destroyer of the Wicked,” a title of Marduk.

Zaqar (Akkad.): God of Dreams.

Zerbanitu: “Who Created Seed.”  (Akkad. Sarpanit or Sarpanitum).

Ziku (Akkad.): “Pure Life and Breath,” a title of Marduk.

Zisi (Akkad): a title of Marduk.

Ziukkinna (Akkad.): “The Life of the Gods, their Leader and Ruler,” a title of Marduk.

Zu: “Wisdom,” the God of Wisdom and Owls.

Zulum (Akkad.): “Who Cuts The Clay,” a title of Marduk.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating To The Old Testament by James B. Pritchard, Princeton, 1969, p. 90