DEMONS OF ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA
Endashurimma, Enindashurimma: a porter of hell (viz. Neti)
Endukugga: a porter of hell (viz. Neti)
Endushuba: a porter of hell (viz. Neti)
Ennugigi: a porter of hell (viz. Neti)
Enurulla: a porter of hell (viz. Neti)
Erra, Irra, Irragal: god of pestilence and plague, attended by fourteen disease demons.
Humhummu: underworld deity/demon
Lamashtu: demon besetting childbirth, coming down from her mountain lair.
Lilitu: demon of the destructive storm wind and disturber of night rest through nightmares and erotic dreams; her name was taken from the word lil, meaning wind or wind spirit. Her image was that of a harpy, with birdlike claws and wings. Her animals were owls and hyenas.
Namtar, Namtaru: demon of fate and death
Namtartu: spouse of Namtar; she had the head of a kuribu (Heb. cherub, Gk. sphinx)
Neti: chief gatekeeper of hell (Sumerian Meslam, Akkadian Nedu). He had a lion’s head, a bird’s feet, and human hands. The other six porters of hell were: Kishar, Endashurimma, Enurulla, Endukuga, Endushuba, and Ennugigi.
Ninkilim: goddess of vermin and mice
Pazuzu: king of the evil wind demons and demon of the southwest wind that brings the disease malaria. His face was that of a hideous lion; his hands were lion-clawed, and he had the feet and wings of an owl. He was also shown with the horns of a goat. His image was used as an amulet protecting against windborne sickness. A bronze Pazuzu placed on the neck of a woman in childbirth protected her against Lamashtu.
Rabisu: lurking demon lying in wait
Sirrush: dragon in the form of a serpent-griffin
Ushumgalle: monster offspring of Tiamat, the cosmic dragon of the Deep, which spat out fiery poison to blind the beholder or which froze him with a fearsome, serpentine, hypnotic stare.
Azazel: goat goblin of the wilderness
Tsiyym: prowlers, wild beasts, desert beasts, wildcats, insane men
Ochim: howlers, doleful creatures, jackals
Benoth Ya’anah: devourers, daughters of greed, owls, ostriches
Sairim: satyrs, hairy ones, shaggy devils, he-goats, wild goats, demoniacs
Iyyim: scavengers, island beasts, hyenas, screech owls
Tannim: dragons, serpents, jackals, wolves
Lilith: night-terror, night-hag, nocturnal she-demon, screech owl. The owl-like vampire was modeled on the Babylonian wind demon Lilitu.
Resheph: Pestilence (Canaanite god of war)
Eris: Discord Deimos: Terror Phobos: Fear Limos: Famine