ETHNIC CLEANSING IN HISTORY
“Ethnic cleansing” is the current euphemism for genocide, which also encompasses wholesale slaughter, mass murder, annihilation of people groups, and the massacre of “inferior” populations. When one group of people butchers another, they like to use mild language in justifying their deeds to human society.
Butchery goes a long way back in the early history of the killer ape. In the annals of the human race, many subhuman species became extinct, and they were probably killed off by more advanced hominoids. It has even been postulated that the human brain developed from this intense competition among human types - in a time of “kill or be killed.”
It is likely that the Neanderthals were wiped out by brainier Cro Magnon men about one million years ago. Other such episodes in the history of mankind are as follows:
Conquest of Canaan by the Hebrews. 1450
This was the first recorded “holocaust” (whole burnt offering).
The invaders killed every living thing in a city when it fell.
The Bible says, “they utterly destroyed all in the city,
both men and women, young and old, oxen, sheep, and
asses, with the edge of the sword” (Joshua 6:21, also Deuter-
onomy 2:30,34, 7:2, 28:63, 1 Samuel 15:3).*
Annihilation of the Trojans by the Mycenæan Greeks (Trojan War) 1190
Hebrew tribal conflict in which 25,000 men of the Benjamin c. 1150
tribe were killed by their kinsmen (Judges 20:46).
Deportation of the Northern Tribes of Israel by Assyria. 723
This Diaspora (Dispersion) was permanent for the “Lost Tribes,”
which remain in exile or assimilated to other cultures to this day.
Destruction of Carthage by Rome. 146
The despised city was razed and salt sewn into its soil.
The Great Revolt of Israel against Rome 66-70
left a million Jews dead and their Temple destroyed.
The Bar Cochba Rebellion of Israel against Rome 132-135
resulted in the closing of Jerusalem to all Jews
and a new Diaspora that only ended with the
founding of the nation of Israel in 1948.
*Bible archæologist Dr. James Strange estimated 6,000 inhabitants in Megiddo when it fell to the Hebrews. So, on an average, each time a Canaanite city was conquered, approximately this number of people were annihilated. (Note: By New Testament times the capitol city of Jerusalem had a population of 90,000.)
Slaughter of Europeans by the Huns earned them the title 420-450
“Scourge of God.” Some of the greatest cities of Europe
were sacked and burned, including Rheims, Mainz, Worms,
Cologne, and Trier. South of the Danube there was so
much killing that no one could number the dead.
Jewish males numbering 600 to 700 people were beheaded 627
at the command of Muhammad, and a woman from among
these captives was added to his harem. This is just one
documented example of wholesale slaughter by Muslims.
Arabic conquest of northern India 997-1398
The two dates refer to the conquests of Mahmud and
Tamerlane. It has been said that “the Mohammedan
conquest of India is probably the bloodiest story in history.”*
A mountain range in India is called the Hindu Kush
(“Hindu Killer”), because Muslims killed any Hindu who
turned up in that vicinity.
Slaughter of the inhabitants of Jerusalem by Crusaders. 1099
These “liberators” even killed Christian Arabs.
Arab lands overrun by Mongols. 1219-1303
Entire cities were depopulated and heads piled in bloody
pyramids. Representative of these cities and their slain were:
Bokhara - 30,000, Merv - 1,300,000, Herat - 60,000, Baghdad -
800,000. Mishapur and Rayy inhabitants were exterminated.
Expulsion of Jews from England. 1290
Spanish Catholic execution of Protestants, Jews, and heretics 1480-1834
amounted to 32,000 souls (according to Fox’s Book
Expulsion of Jews from Spain. 1492
Annihilation and enslavement of Caribbean natives after 1492
by Spanish conquerors
Annihilation of native American tribes through after 1492
warfare, starvation, and disease
Witchcraft, the wiccanist religion, condemned by an act in England. 1542
An estimated 500,000 people were executed as witches
in Europe between the fourteenth and seventeenth centuries.
Many innocent persons were put to death by burning, hanging,
or drowning. As late as 1768, John Wesley maintained that to
permit a witch to live was to surrender belief in the Bible.
*The Story Of Civilization, Vol 1, by Will Durant, p. 459
French Catholic slaughter of Protestant Huguenots all over France, 1572 - 1600
beginning with the Saint Bartholomew’s Day Massacre,
killed 100,000 and caused 800,000 to flee to other countries.
Japanese Christians massacred. 1614-1638
The Shinto-Buddhist shogun forbade Christian missionary
activity in 1614 and instituted violent persecution. A remnant
group of 37,000 gathered in one fortification in 1638 and all
but 105 of them were slaughtered.
Irish Catholics revolted and killed English Protestants. 1641
John Milton in his “First Defense of the State of England”
wrote of over 200,000 slain. In Fox’s Book of Martyrs,
the number given was 150,000, along with gruesome
details of their tortures and mutilations.
England invaded Ireland in retaliation for Catholic slaughters. 1651
Oliver Cromwell directed the killing of all inhabitants in
the city of Drogheda, about 3,000 people, so that other
cities would quickly surrender. He justified this action on
the basis of the Old Testament practice of killing every
soul in a pagan city.
(Jews were legally readmitted to England under Cromwell’s
patronage in 1664.)
French and Italian Catholics perpetrated the Waldensian martydoms . 1655-1689
During the seventeenth century the community of the
Protestant Waldenses was reduced from 20,000 people
to a remnant of 300 men. In the Piedmont Easter
Massacre of 1655, the French army killed 1,712 people.
Hearing of the atrocities, John Milton wrote his poem
“On the Late Massacre in Piedmont,” that began:
“Avenge O Lord thy slaughtered Saints, whose bones
Lie scattered on the Alpine mountains cold...”
In 1686, the Duke of Savoy killed 2,000 and imprisoned
8,000 out of which half died. In their winter’s flight to
Geneva, 310 out of the party of 2,800 perished in the
mountains. Upon their return to their homeland, in 1689
a small army of 900 was reduced to just 300 men.
During the Greeks’ struggle for independence from the Ottoman 1821-1829
Empire, both sides carried out mutual extermination:
Muslims were killed and expelled from Greek territories.
Greeks were killed and expelled from Muslim territories.
In 1923, Greece and Turkey agreed to the resettlement of
two million Greeks and eight hundred thousand Turks.
Persia slaughtered Baha’i faith members and drove them into exile. since 1844
Between 1844 and 1863, 20,000 were slain. After
the Islamic Revolution of 1992, there remained 3,500
Baha’is, and they were still the largest minority group
in Iran - larger than the Jewish, Zoroastrian, and
Christian communities combined. They are still persecuted.
Mormons massacred a wagon train of 127 people bound for California 1857
at Mountain Meadows, Utah. Eighteen children were kidnapped
and raised as Mormons.
Thousands of Christians were killed in Damascus 1860
and the Christian quarter of the city was burned.
United States soldiers massacred 300 Sioux Indians at Wounded Knee, 1890
South Dakota, on orders to just disarm them.
Slaughter of Armenians by the Ottoman Turks: 1895-1915
80,000 killed in 1895.
6,000 killed in 1896.
600,000 killed and 600,000 deported in 1915.
(Mass deportation began on April 24, 1915.)
Total deaths are estimated at 1,500,000.
(Turkey supported Germany in the First World War,
but the Armenians sided with the Allies.)
In Ireland, the Irish Republican Army (Catholic) and the since 1921
Ulster Defense Association (Protestant) have committed
terrorist acts and assassinated hundreds of people.
Communists under Joseph Stalin killed between 25 and 62 million 1924-1953
Russians. Three million Ukranians were starved to death.
Japanese troops carried out the “Rape of Nanking,” a Chinese city. 1937
The butchery of 300,000 Chinese civilians and thousands of
surrendered soldiers was called “the most appalling single
episode of barbarism in a century replete with horrors.”
The holocaust of Nazi Germany killed 5,700,000 Jews and 1939-1945
200,000 Gypsies, as well as Slavs, homosexuals, the feeble
minded, and communists - to a total of 11,000,000 people.
Americans dropped atomic bombs on two Japanese cities, Hiroshima 1945
and Nagasaki, killing 210,000 people. (This was a massive killing
of a particular race but not for the purpose of genocide.)
Poland and Czechoslovakia expelled three million Germans from their 1945
territories after the Second World War.
Muslims killed 1.5 million Bengali Hindus in East Pakistan after the 1947
partition of India. By the end of 1948, 6,600,000 Muslims
left India for Pakistan, and 5,600,000 non-Muslims crossed
into India from Pakistan.
In North Korea, the government has killed 1.6 million people. since 1948
Communist massacres directed by Mao Tse Tung. In China’s 1949-1976
“Great Leap Forward” purge, 25 million Chinese were
killed. Communist purges in China were “one of the
largest intense persecutions of Christians in history.”
In 1997, China reported executing more of its citizens
than the rest of the world combined. Many not reported.
Murder of 1,200,000 Tibetans and mass influx of Chinese after 1950
people in order to change the racial balance. All but
13 of Tibet’s 6,254 monasteries were destroyed, and
the Dalai Lama went into exile, along with 135,000
The Guatemalan government killed 2.5 million Mayan Indians. 1960-1996
American troops under Lt. William Calley killed 22 inhabitants in 1968
the village of My Lai, Vietnam, on March 16.
Uganda under dictator Idi Amin suffered horrendous human 1971-1979
rights violations, which led to the death of 250,000 people.
Turkey invaded Cyprus, killing 5,000 Greeks, as they occupied 1974
the northern third of the island.
Cambodian Communists, the Khmer Rouge, killed 1.7 1975-1978
million of their countrymen, including educated
people, members of religious groups (Buddhist,
Muslim, Christian), and ethnic minorities (Cham,
Thai, Vietnamese). Another million died from slave
labor and malnutrition. Extermination camp directives
ordered, “Bullets are not to be wasted,” so people were
beaten to death.
Sri Lanka (Ceylon) civil war between Tamil Hindus and Sinhalese since 1984
Buddhists employed suicide bombers.
Muslims in the Sudan have murdered or starved two million since 1989
Christians and animists. Women and children have been
sold into slavery and focibly converted. The goal is to
“eradicate non-Islamic religion.” In 2000, the U. S.
Holocaust Memorial Museum issued the first genocide
warning for any nation beyond Europe.
Iranian author Salman Rushdie was given a death sentence by 1989
the Muslim clergy after he published The Satanic Verses.
Chinese Communist massacre of hundreds of students 1989
in democratic demonstrations in Tiananmen Square
India-Pakistan region experienced riots after Hindus destroyed a 1992
Muslim mosque. Over 2,000 killed.
Muslim militants bombed New York’s Word Trade Center, first floor, 1993
killing six people and injuring a thousand.
In Rwanda, tribal genocide between Hutu and Tutsi people 1994
killed 750,000 people. Tutsis dominated the government
and then fled the country as the Hutu majority began a
hundred-day slaughter. This ended July 1994 when the
extremist Hutu government was overthrown.
Serb militants killed 8,000 Muslim men and boys in Srebrenica, Bosnia. 1995
Muslim militants slaughtered 62 tourists in Luxor, Egypt. 1997
Muslim militants bombed United States embassies in Kenya 1998
and Tanzania, killing 224 people.
Serbs killed 10,000 Kosovar Albanians in Yugoslavia. 1999
Total of “ethnic cleansing” was 200,000 dead and
two million displaced.
Russians killed 40,000 Muslim rebels in Chechnya. 1999
Christians were evacuated after church leaders were killed.
In Nigeria, the slaughter of the Christian Ibos allowed Muslims 1966-1970
to take over the government. One million killed in civil war.
In Indonesia, Islamic troops killed 500,000 Indonesians 1999-2000
and 200,000, mostly Christians, in East Timor.
Five hundred churches were destroyed.
Iraq and Turkey attempted to exterminate the Kurds. 1999
The Iraqi ruler, Saddam Hussein razed 3,000 villages
and drove the survivors into the desert or into Turkey.
He used poison gas against the Kurdish town of
Halabja, killing 5,000 people. The Turks killed 40,000 Kurds.
Muslim militants destroyed both towers of the New York 2001
World Trade Center, killing about 2,800 people.
Also they destroyed a section of the Pentagon in
Washington, D.C., killing 189 people, and crashed an
airplane in Pennsylvania with 44 passengers on board.
TERRORISM’S TOP TEN*
Groups committing the most terrorist attacks between 1988 and 1998.
1. PKK, the Kurdistan Workers Party 3575
2. Armed Islamic Group, Algeria 2067
3. National Liberation Army, Colombia 1817
4. Islamic extremists, Algeria 1794
5. Shining Path, Peru 1364
6. FARC, Colombia 1329
7. ETA, the Basques in Spain 1140
8. Irish Republican Army 1125
9. Dev Sol, Turkey 530
10. Tupac Amaru, Peru 446
In 1999, repressive nations were listed by various agencies as follows:
U. S. State Dept. Human Rights Commission Open Doors Internatl.
China China Saudi Arabia
Iran Cuba Afghanistan
Iraq Iran Sudan
Myanmar (Burma) Iraq China
President G. W. Bush has singled out Iran, Iraq, and N. Korea as an “axis of evil.”
America’s Recent Record:
Bombing of Qaddafi’s enclave in Tripoli killed his infant daughter, 1986
as well as other children and adults.
Invasion of Panama City killed 600 civilians 1989
Bombing of Mogadishu, Somalia, after loss of 15 U. S. soldiers 1993
killed over 1,000 civilians
Attempted extermination of Al Qaeda militants has killed 400 to 600 after 2001
civilians in Afghanistan.
*U.S. News & World Report, 3-1-99.
UNITED NATIONS IDEALS
As members of the United Nations, most countries in the world have formally subscribed to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, five articles of which read as follows:
Article 5. No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
Article 9. No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention, or exile.
Article 18. Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.
Article 20. Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association. No one may be compelled to belong to an association.
Despite what many nations state publicly, it is common knowlege that they, in fact, thumb their noses at these humanitarian principles and dare any outside body to interfere with their internal policies of repression and outright cruelty perpetuated against their own people. In the past, any nations or peoples who have disregarded rules of simple decency have earned for themselves perpetual execration as uncivilized brutes and barbarians. Unfortunately, many rules of decent behavior are now being deliberately disregarded, and even in this enlightened age, acts of violence against innocent people have reached sub-human levels.
Genocide is the world’s worst human rights problem. More than 170 million people were murdered in the twentieth century by their own governments on the basis of ethnic, national, religious, racial, or political affiliation - more than all wars combined.
Because genocide is almost always carried out by a country’s own armed forces, the usual national systems of law and order cannot stop it. International intervention is usually required. But because the world lacks an international rapid response force, many cases of genocide have gone unchecked.
The World Federalist Association has attempted to address this problem in their “Campaign to End Genocide” with its six goals as follows:
1. Establishment of the International Criminal Court, coupled with the political will to arrest and try those who commit genocide.
2. An effective early-warning system to alert the world, and especially the U. N. Security Council, to potential ethnic conflict and genocide.
3. Reform of the veto in the U. N. Security Council and/or action by the General Assembly under the Uniting for Peace Resolution when Security Council action is blocked by the veto.
4. A powerful United Nations rapid response force under Articles 43-48 of the U. N. Charter.
5. Full payment of U. N. assessments and reliable funding for U. N. peacekeeping.
6. The provision of public information on the nature of genocide and its prevention.
The crime of genocide can be ended if the world gets sufficiently fed up with atrocities to empower the United Nations to deal quickly and firmly with such occurences wherever they may appear and without regard to the objections of offending governments.
Richard L. Atkins
United Nations Assn.
Greater Orlando Chapter